Total hip replacement, also known as total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure that involves replacing the damaged or diseased hip joint with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis. This procedure is commonly performed to relieve pain and restore function in patients with severe hip arthritis or other hip conditions that have not responded to non-surgical treatments.

Here is an overview of the total hip replacement procedure:

Preoperative Assessment:

Before the surgery, the patient will undergo a thorough evaluation, including a medical history review, physical examination, and imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI. These assessments help the surgeon plan the procedure and determine the appropriate size and type of prosthesis.


Total hip replacement is typically performed under general anesthesia, which means the patient is unconscious during the surgery. In some cases, regional anesthesia or a combination of general and regional anesthesia may be used.


An incision is made over the hip joint to access the damaged hip joint. The size and location of the incision can vary, but minimally invasive techniques may be used to minimize tissue damage and facilitate quicker recovery.

Removal of Damaged Joint Components:

The meniscus is a C-shaped cartilage that acts as a shock absorber in the knee joint. Meniscus tears can occur due to sudden twisting or direct impact to thThe surgeon carefully removes the damaged or arthritic parts of the hip joint, including the femoral head (the ball-shaped top of the thigh bone) and the damaged socket (acetabulum).e knee. Symptoms include knee pain, swelling, locking or catching sensation, and limited range of motion.

Preparation of the Bone:

The remaining bone surfaces are prepared to accommodate the prosthetic components. The femoral canal is reamed to fit the femoral stem, and the acetabulum is reshaped to receive the acetabular cup.

Implantation of the Prosthesis:

The artificial components of the prosthesis are then implanted. The femoral stem is inserted into the femur, and the femoral head component (often made of metal or ceramic) is attached to the stem. The acetabular cup component (made of metal, plastic, or ceramic) is placed into the reshaped acetabulum.


The incision is carefully closed using sutures or staples, and sterile dressings are applied to protect the wound.

Postoperative Care and Rehabilitation:

After surgery, the patient is monitored in a recovery area before being transferred to a hospital room. Pain management, early mobilization, and physical therapy are crucial for recovery and rehabilitation. Physical therapy helps regain strength, restore mobility, and improve overall function.

The recovery period following total hip replacement varies among individuals, but most patients experience significant pain relief and improvement in their hip function within a few weeks to months. Full recovery and return to normal activities may take several months.

It’s important to note that total hip replacement, like any surgery, carries some risks and potential complications. These can include infection, blood clots, dislocation of the prosthesis, nerve or blood vessel injury, implant loosening, and leg length discrepancy. Your orthopedic surgeon will discuss these risks with you and provide instructions for a successful recovery.

Overall, total hip replacement is a highly successful procedure that can provide significant pain relief and improve the quality of life for individuals with severe hip joint conditions. It is essential to consult with an experienced orthopedic surgeon to evaluate your specific case, discuss the potential benefits and risks, and determine if total hip replacement is the most suitable treatment option for you.