Rotator cuff repair is a surgical procedure performed to repair a torn rotator cuff in the shoulder. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint, providing stability and allowing for a wide range of motion. Rotator cuff tears can occur due to injury, repetitive use, or degenerative changes.

Here’s an overview of the rotator cuff repair procedure:


The surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia, meaning you will be asleep and pain-free during the procedure. In some cases, regional anesthesia or a nerve block may be used to numb the shoulder and arm.


The surgeon makes a small incision in the shoulder to access the torn rotator cuff. The size and location of the incision may vary depending on the tear size and surgeon’s preference.

Knee Ligament Injuries:

Ligament injuries, such as a tear in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), or lateral collateral ligament (LCL), are common knee injuries. These injuries often occur during sports or physical activities and can cause pain, instability, and difficulty with knee

Tendon preparation:

The torn edges of the rotator cuff tendon are identified and prepared for repair. If the tendon is retracted or pulled away from the bone, it may need to be mobilized and brought back to its original position.

Repair technique: There are different techniques for rotator cuff repair, including:
Open repair: The surgeon uses traditional open surgery to repair the torn tendon by suturing it back to its attachment site on the bone.
Arthroscopic repair: Small instruments and a camera (arthroscope) are inserted through tiny incisions to visualize and repair the torn rotator cuff. Sutures or anchors are used to reattach the tendon to the bone.

Additional procedures:

Depending on the specific case, the surgeon may perform additional procedures during the surgery. These can include removing bone spurs, trimming damaged tissues, or addressing other shoulder abnormalities.


Once the repair is completed, the incisions are closed using sutures or surgical staples. Sterile dressings and a supportive sling may be applied.

After the surgery, you will be monitored in the recovery area before being transferred to a hospital room or discharged home. Rehabilitation and physical therapy are essential components of the recovery process. The rehabilitation program usually involves gentle range-of-motion exercises, strengthening exercises, and gradually progressing to more complex movements.

Recovery time can vary depending on the size of the tear, surgical technique, individual healing factors, and adherence to rehabilitation protocols. It is important to follow your surgeon’s postoperative instructions and attend all recommended follow-up appointments.

As with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications, including infection, bleeding, stiffness, nerve injury, recurrent tears, or limited shoulder function. Your surgeon will discuss these risks with you prior to the surgery and take necessary precautions to minimize them.

It is advisable to consult with an orthopedic surgeon who specializes in shoulder conditions for a thorough evaluation and to discuss the most appropriate treatment options for your specific case. At Alabama Bone and Joint Clinic our specialists are able to guide you through your treatment options. Call today to schedule an appointment with one of our experts in orthopedic care.